Mammoths have some of the most complex teeth of any mammal. The teeth/molars of Mammoths are composed of plates of dentine surrounded by enamel. At the base of each tooth, the root held the tooth in place.
As Mammoths matured, they cycled through up to six sets of teeth. Each time a tooth was replaced, a larger tooth composed of more plates, took the place of the original tooth. Teeth typically ranged from an inch at birth to up to 12 inches in the final set of the Mammoths life. As the final set of teeth wore out, the Mammoth became unable to chew their own food and would ultimately starve to death.
For a few thousand years prior to their extinction, Columbian mammoths coexisted in North America with Paleoamericans – the first humans to inhabit the Americas.
Excavation Site: South Dakota, USA
Mammoth Species: Columbian Mammoth
Age: Pleistocene Era, 11,700 - 2,580,000 Years Old.
Dimensions: 2 in x 2.75 in x 3 in
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